A MODEL FOR PREVENTIVE CONGESTION CONTROL MECHANISM IN ATM NETWORKS
Maximizing bandwidth utilization and providing performance guarantees, in the context of multimedia networking, are two incompatible goals. Heterogeneity of the multimedia sources calls for effective traffic control schemes to satisfy their diverse Quality of Service (Qos) requirement. These include admission control at connection set up, traffic control at the source end and efficient scheduling schemes at the switches. The emphasis in this paper is on traffic control at both connection set up and source end. A model for the Connection Admission Control (CAC) is proposed using probabilistic technique. Mathematical formulas are derived Cell Loss Probability (CLP), violation probability (PV) and cell throughput (TC). The performances at two UPC models (fluid flow and approximation) are investigated using the leaky bucket (LB) algorithm. The CLP, PV, and TC performed for different traffic sources which are characterized by their mean bit rate, peak bit rate and average number of bits generated during the burst. The results of the simulation show that the model for the Connection Admission Control (CAC) performs satisfactorily well for different traffic sources. Also, both models for the leaky bucket are almost coincident in policing the peak rate and mean rate of the source. Hence, policing effect is improved considerably using the proposed model.