ASSESSMENT OF THE MICRO-STRUCTURE OF COMPACTED SOILS USING VARIED COMPACTIVE EFFORTS: A CASE STUDY OF SOME SELECTED AREAS IN PORT HARCOURT, NIGERIA

  • A. O. Sobanke Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta
  • F. M. Alayaki Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta
  • E. Ikponmwosa University of Lagos
Keywords: Compaction, moisture content, dry density, micro-structure

Abstract

This research studies the effects of varying British standard heavy and British standard light compactions on the resulting micro-structures of soils using digital microscope. Three soils classified as A-6, A-7-6, and A-2-7 using AASHTO classification system were analysed. The initial properties tests and moisture- dry density relationship were carried out in accordance to British standard 1377 of 1990. The liquid limits ranged from 50.5% to 34.7% using the Casagrande liquid limit apparatus, plasticity index ranged from 22.3% to 12.4% and natural moisture content ranged from 24.3% to 21.2%. The lower the plasticity index the higher the maximum dry density for both degrees of compactions. From the micro-structural analysis, there was evidence of lines of shear at the wet-side of optimum moisture for all compactions and that the presence of these lines is high for soils of lower plasticity index at low compaction energies. At higher compaction effort, there was closer inter-particle aggregation of grains than at lower compaction efforts. The voids at the optimum moisture are smaller compared to those at the extremes of optimum, with voids on the wet-side of optimum larger than those at the dry side of optimum moisture for both compactive efforts. Thus, the micro-structure of the compacted soil revealed that the degree of compaction influences the degree of compactness of gains, the average dimension of voids, and the occurrence of thin lines of shear in their structure.

Author Biographies

A. O. Sobanke, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta

Department of Civil Engineering

F. M. Alayaki, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta

Department of Civil Engineering

E. Ikponmwosa, University of Lagos

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

Published
2017-03-19
How to Cite
Sobanke, A., Alayaki, F., & Ikponmwosa, E. (2017). ASSESSMENT OF THE MICRO-STRUCTURE OF COMPACTED SOILS USING VARIED COMPACTIVE EFFORTS: A CASE STUDY OF SOME SELECTED AREAS IN PORT HARCOURT, NIGERIA. LAUTECH Journal of Engineering and Technology, 11(2), 17-23. Retrieved from http://laujet.com/index.php/laujet/article/view/221